What medicine is used to treat duodenal ulcer?


Duodenal ulcer is a common digestive system disease, and its main symptoms include upper abdominal pain, acid reflux, belching, etc. Drugs used to treat duodenal ulcers mainly include antacids, antibiotics and gastric mucosal protectants. Below I will introduce in detail the mechanism of action, usage and precautions of these drugs.

1. Antacids: Antacids are mainly used to neutralize gastric acid, relieve symptoms, and promote ulcer healing. Commonly used antacids include sodium bicarbonate, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, etc. These drugs can quickly relieve pain, but they cannot be used for a long time, otherwise they may cause electrolyte imbalance, kidney damage and other problems.

2. Antibacterial drugs: The main cause of duodenal ulcer is Helicobacter pylori infection, so antibacterial drugs are an important means of treating duodenal ulcer. Commonly used antibacterial drugs include clarithromycin, amoxicillin, metronidazole, etc. These drugs kill Helicobacter pylori, eliminate the cause, and promote ulcer healing. When using antibacterial drugs, you should follow your doctor’s advice and take them on time and in the right amount to avoid the development of drug resistance.

3. Gastric mucosal protective agent: Gastric mucosal protective agent can enhance the resistance of the gastric mucosa and promote ulcer healing. Commonly used gastric mucosal protective agents include sucralfate, bismuth, biotin, etc. These drugs can combine with the hydrogen ions in gastric acid to form a protective film to prevent gastric acid from eroding the gastric mucosa. At the same time, they can also promote the regeneration and repair of gastric mucosal cells.

When treating duodenal ulcers, in addition to drug treatment, you also need to pay attention to the following points:

1. Diet adjustment: Patients should avoid eating spicy, greasy, and irritating foods to avoid stimulating gastric acid secretion and aggravating the condition. You should eat more easily digestible and nutritious foods, such as vegetables, fruits, lean meats, etc.

2. Improve living habits: quit smoking and limit alcohol, maintain good work and rest habits, and avoid overwork and excessive mental stress. These will help the healing of ulcers.

3. Regular review: Patients should go to the hospital for regular review during the treatment period in order to understand the changes in the condition and adjust the treatment plan in a timely manner.

In short, the treatment of duodenal ulcer requires a combination of drug treatment, dietary adjustment, and improvement of living habits to achieve the best therapeutic effect. Hope my answer can be helpful to you.

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