What are the best foods to eat for myocardial infarction?


Myocardial infarction is a serious cardiovascular disease that requires patients to pay special attention to their eating habits during recovery. A reasonable diet not only helps control the disease, but also provides necessary nutritional support for the heart. Next, we will provide you with detailed guidance from three aspects: dietary adjustment after myocardial infarction, appropriate nutritional recipes, and food selection during the recovery period.

1. Recommendations on dietary adjustments after myocardial infarction

After myocardial infarction, patients’ diet should be based on the principles of low salt, low fat, low sugar, and high fiber to reduce the burden on the heart and reduce the risk of recurrence. Specific suggestions are as follows:

1. Control salt intake: Daily salt intake should be controlled within 6 grams to reduce water and sodium retention in the body and lower blood pressure.

2. Reduce fat intake: Avoid excessive intake of saturated fat and trans fat, such as animal fats, fried foods, etc. You can choose foods rich in unsaturated fats, such as fish, nuts, etc.

3. Control sugar intake: Reduce the intake of sweets and high-sugar drinks to lower blood sugar levels and reduce insulin resistance.

4. Increase dietary fiber intake: Eat more vegetables, fruits and whole grains to increase dietary fiber intake, improve intestinal function, and reduce blood lipids.

2. Suitable nutritional recipes for patients with myocardial infarction

When formulating a nutritional diet for patients with myocardial infarction, the patient’s nutritional needs and dietary preferences should be fully considered. Here is a sample recipe for your reference:

Breakfast: Oatmeal (oatmeal, milk, diced fruit) + whole wheat bread + boiled eggs

Lunch: Steamed fish (bass, cod, etc.) + stir-fried seasonal vegetables (such as broccoli, carrots) + soba noodles

Dinner: Tomato beef stew + cucumber salad + brown rice

Snack: nuts (such as walnuts, almonds) + low-sugar fruits (such as apples, oranges)

This recipe is rich in high-quality protein, dietary fiber, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. It not only meets the nutritional needs of patients with myocardial infarction, but also complies with the dietary principles of low salt, low fat, and low sugar.

3. Myocardial infarction recovery period: These foods are more protective of the heart

During the recovery period of myocardial infarction, patients can choose some foods with heart-protective functions to promote recovery. Here are some recommended foods:

1. Deep-sea fish: such as salmon, tuna, etc., are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which can help lower blood lipids and reduce the risk of heart disease.

2. Green leafy vegetables: such as spinach, kale, etc., are rich in folic acid and vitamin K, which help reduce homocysteine ​​levels and protect heart health.

3. Nuts: such as walnuts, almonds, etc., are rich in unsaturated fats and antioxidants, which help lower cholesterol and protect cardiovascular systems.

4. Beans: Such as soybeans, black beans, etc., are rich in plant protein and dietary fiber, which can help lower blood pressure and blood lipids and reduce the burden on the heart.

Dietary modification is crucial for patients with myocardial infarction. By following the dietary principles of low salt, low fat, low sugar, and high fiber, combined with appropriate nutritious recipes and food choices during recovery, patients can provide strong protection for their heart health. At the same time, maintaining good living habits and mentality, and actively cooperating with the doctor’s treatment plan are also important factors in achieving recovery.

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