Professional nursing guide for upper gastrointestinal bleeding is here!


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a common digestive system emergency. Timely first aid treatment and scientific care are crucial to the patient’s recovery. This article will introduce in detail the first aid treatment, dietary adjustment and recovery care of upper gastrointestinal bleeding to help patients better cope with this emergency.

1. First aid treatment and initial care for upper gastrointestinal bleeding 

When upper gastrointestinal bleeding occurs, you must first stay calm and take the following measures quickly:

1.1. Keep the respiratory tract open : Assist the patient to lie down with his head to one side to prevent vomitus from accidentally entering the respiratory tract and causing suffocation.

1.2. Observe the bleeding situation : closely observe the patient’s hematemesis and melena, and record the amount and color of bleeding so that the doctor can judge the condition.

1.3. Establish an intravenous channel : quickly establish an intravenous channel, and follow the doctor’s instructions to provide hemostatic, acid-suppressing and other drug treatments.

1.4. Psychological comfort : Patients and their families are often nervous and fearful due to sudden bleeding. Medical staff should explain patiently to eliminate their concerns and enhance their confidence in treatment.

2. Dietary adjustments and nursing care points after upper gastrointestinal bleeding

As the condition stabilizes, the patient’s dietary adjustment and care become particularly important. Here are the key takeaways:

2.1. Fasting and liquid diet : Strict fasting should be done during the bleeding period. After the bleeding stops, gradually transition to a liquid diet, such as rice soup, lotus root starch, etc. Avoid eating foods that are too hard or too hot to avoid irritating the wound to bleed again.

2.2. Semi-liquid and soft food : As the condition improves, you can gradually transition to a semi-liquid diet, such as porridge, noodles, etc., and then gradually switch to soft food. At this time, protein intake should be increased, such as fish, tofu, etc., to promote wound healing.

2.3. Avoid irritating foods : During the entire recovery period, you should avoid consuming spicy, greasy, cold, and other irritating foods to avoid aggravating the gastrointestinal burden.

2.4. Regular defecation : Encourage patients to defecate regularly to keep the stool smooth and avoid forced defecation that may cause bleeding again. If you have constipation, use laxatives appropriately.

3. Recovery care and recurrence prevention for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

The recovery period is a critical stage for patients to regain health. The following suggestions can help patients recover better and prevent recurrence:

3.1. Regular review : Patients should return to the hospital for review on time so that doctors can understand changes in their condition and adjust treatment plans in a timely manner.

3.2. Lifestyle : Develop good living habits, ensure adequate sleep, and avoid bad habits such as staying up late and being overworked.

3.3. Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption : Both tobacco and alcohol have an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa. Smoking smoking and limiting alcohol consumption can help protect the gastric mucosa and prevent recurrence.

3.4. Emotional stability : Maintain a good attitude and avoid excessive mood swings, which may induce gastrointestinal bleeding.

3.5. Rational use of medication : If you have other underlying diseases and need to take medication for a long time, you should use medication rationally under the guidance of a doctor to avoid the occurrence of drug-induced gastrointestinal bleeding.

Nursing care for upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a systematic and meticulous process that requires the joint efforts of patients, family members, and medical staff. Through scientific nursing and rehabilitation guidance, we believe that patients can recover as soon as possible and return to a better life.

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