What are the liver function tests for pregnant women?


Pregnant women need to undergo a series of tests during pregnancy to ensure the health of mother and baby, among which liver function tests are indispensable. So, what items are included in liver function tests for pregnant women? How important are these tests for pregnant women? How to correctly conduct liver function tests? The following will answer them one by one for you.

1. Necessary items for liver function tests for pregnant women

1. Transaminase test : including alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), these two indicators can reflect the damage to liver cells. Under normal circumstances, transaminase mainly exists in liver cells. When liver cells are damaged, transaminase will be released into the blood, causing the level of transaminase in the blood to increase.

2. Bilirubin test : including total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and indirect bilirubin. Bilirubin is a product of the breakdown of red blood cells, and abnormal levels may indicate problems with the hepatobiliary system, such as hepatitis and biliary obstruction.

3. Protein test : mainly check total protein, albumin and globulin. Protein is an important substance synthesized by the liver, and abnormal levels may reflect impaired liver synthesis function.

4. Other indicators : It also includes alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, etc. These indicators help to evaluate liver function more comprehensively.

2. The importance of liver function tests for pregnant women

1. Prevent and detect liver disease during pregnancy : Liver disease during pregnancy poses a serious threat to the health of mothers and infants. Liver function tests can help promptly detect and treat potential liver problems, such as intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, acute fatty liver, etc.

2. Monitor the safety of drug use : Some drugs may need to be used during pregnancy, and some drugs may cause damage to the liver. Liver function tests can help monitor the safety of drug use and adjust treatment plans in a timely manner.

3. Assess the overall health of pregnant women : The liver is an important metabolic organ in the human body, and its functional status directly affects the overall health of pregnant women. Liver function tests help evaluate the health status of pregnant women and provide important basis for pregnancy management.

3. How to correctly conduct liver function tests for pregnant women

1. Choose the appropriate time for examination : It is generally recommended to conduct liver function tests in the first trimester, second trimester and third trimester in order to detect and deal with problems in time. Please consult a professional doctor for specific examination time.

2. Be prepared before the examination : Liver function tests usually need to be performed on an empty stomach, so pregnant women should avoid eating high-fat and high-sugar foods before the examination to avoid affecting the test results. At the same time, maintaining adequate sleep and a good attitude will also contribute to the accuracy of the inspection.

3. Cooperate with the doctor’s operations : During liver function tests, pregnant women should actively cooperate with the doctor’s operations, such as maintaining a correct posture, relaxing, etc. If you have any discomfort or questions, you should report it to your doctor in time.

4. Correctly interpret the test results : After the liver function test results come out, pregnant women should consult a professional doctor for interpretation. If there are abnormal indicators, the doctor will formulate corresponding treatment plans based on the specific situation. Pregnant women should follow medical advice for follow-up examination and treatment to ensure the safety of mother and baby.

In short, liver function test of pregnant women is an important part of pregnancy management. By understanding the examination items, recognizing the importance of the examination and performing the examination correctly, pregnant women can better protect themselves and their fetus’ health.

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