High rate of Helicobacter pylori infection:6 ways to prevent Helicobacter pylori infection



How does Helicobacter pylori enter the stomach?

Helicobacter pylori is a highly infectious strain. Its main modes of transmission are “fecal-oral transmission” and “oral-oral transmission.” If people do not pay attention to hygiene when dining, do not use public chopsticks, and pick up food from each other, it is very easy. Caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. In addition, if you do not pay attention to cleaning when using the toilet and do not wash your hands after using the toilet , the probability of Helicobacter pylori infection will also be high.

Six types of people are most “favored” by Helicobacter pylori

1. People who kiss frequently

As can be seen from the above, one of the main modes of transmission of Helicobacter pylori is “oral-to-mouth transmission.” If a couple kisses frequently and affectionately, Helicobacter pylori will spread unimpeded between them. Therefore, if you are infected with Helicobacter pylori, it is best to reduce the number of kisses in your life to avoid infecting others.

2. Children under 10 years old

According to research, among children under the age of 10 who are infected with Helicobacter pylori in my country, 40% to 60% are as high as 40% to 60%, and they are increasing rapidly every year! The reason why the data is so exaggerated is mainly related to children’s malnutrition and low immunity. In this regard, parents should encourage children to pay more attention to nutritional supplements and exercise to improve their physical fitness to avoid Helicobacter pylori infection.

3. People who don’t like anything spicy

Since spicy food can easily irritate the gastric mucosa and reduce gastrointestinal resistance, those who often dislike spicy food can easily create opportunities for the invasion of Helicobacter pylori. Therefore, we should pay attention to a light diet in life and reduce the intake of spicy foods.

4. People who like “medium rare”

Nowadays, more and more people like to eat raw food, such as Japanese sashimi, sashimi, etc., and even eating steak emphasizes “medium rare”. In fact, regular “raw” food will also create conditions for the invasion of Helicobacter pylori. Therefore, it is best to eat cooked food, so as to “scald” the harmful bacteria in the food.

5. People who live in snail’s nest

According to a survey in Shaanxi, the Helicobacter pylori infection rate is negatively correlated with the size of the family home. That is to say, the smaller the house area, the greater the chance of Helicobacter pylori infection, especially those who live in crowded family environments. Because their resistance is weak, children are more likely to be infected with Helicobacter pylori than adults.

6. People in water-polluted areas

Helicobacter pylori is extremely survivable. It can survive in river water for more than a week, and some can even survive for a year! If river water, well water, pond water, etc. are polluted in the living environment, the chance of Helicobacter pylori infection in people who drink sewage will also increase.

How far is Helicobacter pylori from gastric cancer?

Helicobacter pylori is an ancient bacterium that takes root on the surface of the human gastric mucosa. It is also a Class 1 carcinogen recognized by the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

With the popularization of medical knowledge, many companies have added Helicobacter pylori testing items to their physical examination programs, making more and more people aware of this bacteria. At the same time, many people suffer from “Helicobacter pylori panic disorder” – fear of causing gastric cancer, and fear of being discriminated against by colleagues because of the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection.

Studies have found that Helicobacter pylori can not only induce peptic ulcers and chronic gastritis, but can also cause gastric cancer and gastric MALT lymphoma in severe cases, it can also cause iron deficiency anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Experts say that Helicobacter pylori is mainly likely to cause chronic gastritis, and almost all people infected with Helicobacter pylori are accompanied by chronic gastritis. About 15% of people will develop ulcer diseases such as gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, and less than 1% of gastric ulcers may progress to gastric cancer.

It is currently believed that there are many causes of gastric cancer, which are mainly related to genetic factors, improper diet, environmental pollution and viral infections. Helicobacter pylori infection is only one of the causes. Clinical findings indicate that most people infected with Helicobacter pylori do not necessarily have symptoms, or they can clear themselves by relying on their own immunity, so there is no need to panic.

Should Helicobacter pylori be eradicated?

Helicobacter pylori is easily transmitted between family members. If you experience upper abdominal pain, bad breath, or a significant loss of appetite, it may indicate infection with Helicobacter pylori. If you find any clues of Helicobacter pylori infection, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible. The diagnosis can be confirmed through a rapid urease test and a breath test.

It is understood that there is still some debate in the medical community as to whether Helicobacter pylori should be completely eradicated. Some experts believe that Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment can significantly reduce the risk of gastric cancer.

However, due to the large number of people infected with Helicobacter pylori in my country, there are differences in medical standards and drug use in different regions. Therefore, more experts support that the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection should be treated differently based on the patient’s relevant medical history and symptoms.

If the patient has no symptoms and no other stomach problems, no treatment is required. Under what circumstances is eradication treatment required? Chen Huiting, deputy chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology at Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, said that if the patient has peptic ulcer, chronic gastritis accompanied by indigestion symptoms, gastric MALT lymphoma, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, or unexplained iron deficiency, Sexual anemia and other conditions, at this time Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment should be carried out.

Patients undergoing eradication therapy must adhere to standardized treatment and cannot stop treatment when symptoms disappear. It is recommended to use a combination of four drugs to radically cure Helicobacter pylori infection. Two types of antibacterial drugs are used to kill Hp. At the same time, it is combined with drugs that inhibit gastric acid to inhibit gastric acid secretion, so that Helicobacter pylori loses its suitable living environment. It also needs to be combined with bismuth. use of antibiotics to avoid antibiotic resistance.

This treatment process generally takes 10-14 days. You must quit smoking during the medication, otherwise the eradication effect will be affected. With standardized diagnosis and treatment, more than 90% of cases can be eradicated. A reexamination can be conducted 4 weeks after the course of treatment. Only those that meet one of the following three conditions can be judged as eradicated:

The first indicator: 13 C- or 14 C-UBT result is negative;

The second indicator: negative HpSA test;

The third indicator: RUT samples taken from the gastric antrum and gastric body were both negative.

6 ways to prevent Helicobacter pylori infection

Helicobacter pylori is very active and survives not only in the stomach but also in saliva. The main route of transmission is mouth-to-mouth. It can be transmitted whether you eat food contaminated by Helicobacter pylori, eat a hot pot with an infected person, or kiss an infected person.

The following 6 methods are recognized worldwide as effective ways to prevent Helicobacter pylori infection:

First, family meals should use the public chopstick system or the separate meal system. Traditional Chinese families eat on one plate and do not use public chopsticks, which is the most likely to cause the spread of Helicobacter pylori.

Second, when adults feed their children, do not try or chew the food with their mouths, or blow the food to cool it before feeding it to the child.

Third, the tableware at home should be disinfected frequently. The tableware can be sterilized in a cupboard or boiled in a pot, both of which can effectively kill Helicobacter pylori.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *